, Shirley bucket
Sherry production generally avoids the use of new oak barrels. Most barrels used by Solera have been used for more than ten years. These barrels were already affected by the liquor of the wine before they were used in sherry. Through various aging methods, different varieties of sherry have unique flavor. For example, the contact of Oloroso with air helps to form the taste of fruits and nuts; Fino protects the liquor from the air through a layer of yeast hops, so as to keep the sherry fresh and fresh. Pedro Ximenez (commonly known as PX) is brewed from raisins. Grapes should be dried in the sun before fermentation.
Whisky wineries usually buy European oak barrels, mainly Spanish Sherry barrels. Sherry will dip into the barrel wall, which will have a great impact on the taste and color of whisky. The flavors of Whisky Aged in sherry barrels generally include figs, dates, raisins, nuts, cherries, cinnamon, cloves, almond cakes, ginger, fruit cakes, etc.
2. Bourbon barrel
Bourbon barrels are made of American white oak. American Bourbon is matured in new white oak barrels. These barrels are baked and charred before adding Bourbon Whisky. In addition, the abv content of Bourbon Whisky will affect the taste of the barrel. The higher the abv, the greater the impact on the barrel. Basically, higher alcohol content will weaken the characteristic strength of barrel baking and charring, and the next batch of whisky brewed from these barrels will get very little baking and coke flavor.
After the Scotch whisky is matured in the front Bourbon Whisky barrel for a period of time, the winemaker mixes all kinds of barrels of whisky together. The whisky liquor aged in the front Bourbon barrel usually has golden characteristics. Flavors generally include coconut, vanilla, honey, caramel, oak, leather, nutmeg, almond, cream sugar, etc.
3. Porter bucket
There are several types of Potter, each with its own unique style. Tawny port is golden in color, mainly matured in older wooden barrels and slightly oxidized. Tan port can be aged in oak barrels for up to 40 years, while Vintage Port only needs to mature in barrels for 2 to 3 years. Ruby Porter is mainly matured in steel tanks to avoid oxidation, so wooden barrels in the former ruby port are rare.
Aging in the barrel will increase the softness and fruitiness of the whisky, and the flavor will vary, depending on the type of wine previously aged in the barrel. Whisky Aged in pre Porter barrels generally presents flavors including plum, blackberry, dried raisins, red berries, dried apples, oak, cranberry, dark chocolate, etc.
4. Ice wine barrel
So far, there are very few whiskies aged in ice barrels, but the flavor is very unique. For example, Glenfiddich's winter storm is aged in the former ice wine barrel, which I especially like. The sweet taste of ice wine subtly penetrates into whisky, which is still very attractive. For example, Glenfiddich's white storm was completed in the front ice barrel before bottling.
5. Rum barrel
Whisky Aged in rum barrels has become very popular in recent years. No wonder, because these barrels add sweet tropical aroma to whisky, and these flavors are often easy to obtain. The barrels of rum are made of American oak. There are many kinds of rum, so each kind of rum will have a unique impact on the liquor. Whisky made from rum barrels also adds color to cocktail making.
The flavor characteristics of Whisky Aged in rum barrel mainly include vanilla, tropical fruit, apricot, caramel, cinnamon, mature banana, pepper, molasses, etc.
6. Cognac bucket
The barrels of cognac brandy are made of French oak. These barrels will bring rich and subtle fruit flavor to whisky. The barrel of cognac brandy is often very old, because brandy can age to 50 years. The flavor characteristics of Whisky Aged in cognac barrels usually include raisin, licorice, oak, fruit, nuts, caramel, etc. However, Whisky Aged in pre cognac barrels is rare. This Yabo (Abbe) is aged in this barrel.
7. Wine barrel
These barrels are usually made of French oak. Both red wine barrels and white wine barrels can be used to age whisky, although this is not so common, and these bottles are often limited edition. The range of flavors varies from grape variety to grape variety. Some wines are spicy and mellow, while others are lighter and more fruity. White wine can bring out butter like texture and grass flavor.
The style characteristics of Whisky Aged in the front wine barrel mainly include: red berries, cherries, plums, bread, caramel, green apples, pears, butter, etc.
By selecting different types and sizes of barrels, winemakers can create whisky with different flavors. They can use a series of the same barrels, for example, different pre Bourbon whiskies, or mix and match various barrel types from Bourbon to rum. However, it may be the pursuit of many whisky winemakers to bottle with the strength of the original barrel, without cold filtration, artificial coloring or other interference, and try to present the original appearance to people.
知道了这些以后，对于威士忌酒标上的Single Cask单桶、Double Cask双桶、Triple Cask三桶的术语就很容易理解了。
After knowing these, it is easy to understand the terms of Single Cask, double cask and triple cask on the label of whisky.
Single Cask / barrel refers to that the whisky in the bottle comes from a single oak barrel. Because even if it is the same distillation batch, barrel type, barrel entry time and time, the flavor of whisky is still different if it is not from the same oak barrel. In other words, single barrel whisky emphasizes the uniqueness of style and taste.
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