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白酒储存容器“酒海”的哪些事!

发布于:2020-12-03 11:52:52  来源:

条 编 酒 海
Wine sea
这种酒海多为特殊藤条或竹篾编织而成的大型酒篓,比如陕西地区的酒海大多是用山中特殊藤蔓植物的荆条编织成的内壁辅以血料工艺封涂的大篓。这种酒海体积十分庞大,每个酒海能够盛下五六吨酒。
This kind of wine sea is mostly a large wine basket made of special vines or bamboo strips. For example, the wine sea in Shaanxi Province is mostly a large basket with the inner wall woven by the special vine plants in the mountains and sealed with blood material technology. The volume of this wine sea is very large, each can hold 56 tons of wine.
以西凤酒海为例,古代工匠一般会在入秋时进入秦岭选荆并在冬季更冷的时节完成原料的采选,在荆条水分消失殆尽之前结束酒篓的编织工作,保证荆条能有恰到好处的柔韧性。在酒篓编织完成之后,工匠们会严格按照秘制程序来完成酒篓内壁的裱糊,以血料、石灰等作为粘合剂糊以上百层麻苟纸和白棉布,后用蛋清、蜂蜡、熟菜子油等以一定比例涂擦、晾干而成。每一个酒海的制作完成,都要历经繁复的精工细琢,都要耗去制作师半年以上的时间。
Taking Xifeng wine sea as an example, ancient craftsmen generally went to Qinling Mountains to select Jingjing in autumn, and finished the raw material selection in the coldest winter season, and finished the weaving work of wine basket before the moisture of the twigs disappeared, so as to ensure the proper flexibility of the Jingtiao. After the completion of the wine basket weaving, craftsmen will complete the mounting of the inner wall of the wine basket in strict accordance with the secret making procedures. Blood materials, lime, etc. are used as adhesives to paste over 100 layers of hemp paper and white cotton cloth, and then smeared with egg white, beeswax and cooked vegetable seed oil in a certain proportion and dried in the air. The production of each wine sea has to go through a complicated and meticulous process, which takes the producer more than half a year.
白酒储存容器那些事儿之酒海
Liquor storage container
与荆条酒海相似的还有我国南方地区的竹编酒海和华北地区的柳编酒海。
Similar to Jingtiao liquor sea are bamboo weaving wine sea in southern China and willow weaving wine sea in North China.
白酒储存容器那些事儿之酒海
Liquor storage container
显然,条编酒海的存在对地域条件的限制是十分明显的,在不适合藤条类植物生长的地区,制作条编酒海就不切实际了。比如在我国冰冷的北部地区,没有适合棕榈类荆条生长的环境,也没有适合毛竹生长的气候,垂杨柳的分部也并不广泛,所以在这些地区便出现了其他材质的酒海。
Obviously, the existence of bar weaving wine sea has obvious restrictions on regional conditions. It is impractical to make bar weaving wine sea in areas not suitable for the growth of rattan plants. For example, in the cold northern region of China, there is no suitable environment for the growth of palm Vitex, and there is no suitable climate for the growth of Phyllostachys pubescens. The distribution of Salix is not extensive, so there are wine sea of other materials in these areas.
全自动凉茬机
木 制 酒 海
Wood wine sea
在我国古代的北方地区,尤其是东北地区,森林覆盖面大,森林中的树木为酒海的制造提供了又一种天然的材料——木材。因此,木制酒海也成为了我国北方地区白酒老熟和贮存的更主要工具。木制酒海与条编酒海的工作原理相同,只是由木材加工而来,一般会被加工成正方形或长方形的大箱子,而后再经过与条编酒海类似的裱糊和封蜡用以贮存白酒。在金属器具十分贫乏,陶土器具极易破损的古代,木制酒海成为了酿酒业贮藏白酒的又一重要工具。
In the northern area of ancient China, especially in Northeast China, the forest coverage was large, and the trees in the forest provided another natural material wood for the production of Jiuhai. Therefore, wooden wine sea has become the main tool for liquor aging and storage in northern China. The working principle of wood wine sea is the same as that of bar weaving wine sea. It is only made of wood. It is usually processed into square or rectangular large boxes, and then pasted and sealed with wax similar to that of bar weaving wine sea to store liquor. In ancient times when metal utensils were very poor and clay utensils were easy to be damaged, wooden wine sea became another important tool for liquor making industry to store liquor.
目前,现存木制酒海的材质有柳木、槐木、红松等,不同的木料在制作酒海时具有不同的实用价值和功效。
At present, the existing wood wine Sea materials are willow, locust wood, Korean pine, etc., different wood in the production of wine sea has different practical value and efficacy.
近些年在东北地区也发现了大量木制酒海,可见木制酒海在东北地区贮酒史上的显赫地位。东北地区的木制酒海多为特殊珍贵树种红松材质,具有木制坚硬、纹理通直、富有油脂的优点,在吉林和辽宁两省均有较多保留,可见东北地区劳动人民对劳动成果的珍视和对酒的喜爱。
In recent years, a large number of wooden wine sea have also been found in Northeast China, which shows that wooden wine sea has a prominent position in the history of wine storage in Northeast China. Most of the wood wine sea in Northeast China is made of Korean pine, which has the advantages of hard wood, straight texture and rich grease. It is reserved in Jilin and Liaoning provinces. It can be seen that the labor people in Northeast China cherish the fruits of labor and love wine.
作为传统酒行业中的贮酒神器,酒海制作环节中的血料工艺可谓是作出了突出贡献。所谓“血料”,其实是一种血液制成的涂料,血料通常由牲畜(以猪血为多)的血和石灰浆发生作用制成,经过该工艺处理以后的牲畜血水会像油漆一样具有粘合作用并且防潮防蛀。这种涂料的成分其实就是一种可塑性的蛋白胶质盐,它能和酒精发生奇妙的反应,并形成一种半渗透的薄膜,这种薄膜只能渗透水而不能渗透酒精,因此使酒海呈现出这样一个“装酒滴酒不漏,装水挥失殆尽”的神奇现象。
As a wine storage artifact in the traditional wine industry, the blood material technology in the production of wine sea has made outstanding contributions. The so-called "blood material" is actually a kind of coating made of blood. The blood material is usually made by the interaction between the blood of livestock (mainly pig blood) and lime slurry. After this process, the livestock blood and water will have the same adhesion function as the paint and prevent moisture and moth. The composition of this kind of coating is actually a kind of plastic protein gum salt. It can react with alcohol wonderfully and form a semi permeable membrane. This film can only penetrate water but not alcohol. Therefore, the liquor sea presents such a magical phenomenon that "the wine is not leaked, and the water is evaporated completely".
全自动凉茬机告诉大家白酒储存容器“酒海”的哪些事!大家在购买的过程中一定要根据自我的需求来考量!
Solid wood barrels tell us what the liquor storage container "wine sea" is! Everyone in the purchase process must be based on their own needs to consider!

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