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橡木酒桶的制作需要哪些步骤?

发布于:2020-09-15 16:12:22  来源:

一、蒸煮(Degrease),顾名思义,就是把木材用来蒸煮。锅炉里水加热至沸腾,将材料放入之中,高温蒸煮十二小时以上。起到脱脂,而且能杀死木质中的虫卵。
1、 As the name implies, degrease is the use of wood for cooking. The water in the boiler is heated to boiling, and the material is put into the boiler and cooked at high temperature for more than 12 hours. It degreases and kills the eggs in the wood.
二、烘干(Dry),木材干燥设备要实现对木材的强制干燥(控制含水率、应力),必须具备三个基本功能:加热、调湿和通风。加热功能不言而喻;调湿(喷蒸汽或雾华水)用于保障干燥某些阶段所需的高湿度环境,防止木材开裂、变形等;通风设备必须保证湿热空气均匀地穿过材堆的各个部位,使干燥后的木材含水率、应力均匀。目前烘干更常有两种方式;
2、 In order to realize the forced drying of wood (controlling moisture content and stress), wood drying equipment must have three basic functions: heating, humidity control and ventilation. The heating function is self-evident; the humidity control (spray steam or mist water) is used to ensure the high humidity environment required in some drying stages and prevent wood cracking and deformation; the ventilation equipment must ensure that the hot and humid air passes through all parts of the timber pile evenly, so that the moisture content and stress of the dried wood are uniform. At present, there are two kinds of drying methods;
1、简易,烘炉。一般以热炉气直接或间接加热,难以组织合理的气流循环,湿度难以调节或无法调节,用这种简易设备获得好的干燥效果(控制含水率、应力)是非常困难的。
1. Simple, oven drying. In general, it is difficult to organize reasonable air circulation and adjust humidity directly or indirectly by heating furnace gas. It is very difficult to obtain good drying effect (control moisture content and stress) with this simple equipment.
、烘房,利用科学合理设计,通风设备良好,自动控温,控制湿度,完全可精确控制木质的含水率以及木材所产生的应力,而且材堆里各个部位均匀。
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With scientific and reasonable design, good ventilation equipment, automatic temperature control and humidity control, the moisture content of wood and the stress generated by wood can be accurately controlled, and all parts of the wood pile are even.
三、选料(Choose to anticipate),经过蒸煮脱脂,烘干。再进行材料的优劣筛选,本身橡木木节疤多,一些死节疤料给淘汰。
3、 Choose to resist, cook, degrease and dry. After that, the quality and quality of the material were screened out, and some of the dead knot materials were eliminated.
四、成型(Model),一个好的型壮的桶主要来至于成型设计。对进行筛选好了的料,依不同的型号、尺寸木桶进行设计。
4、 Molding (model), a good strong barrel mainly comes from the molding design. The selected materials are designed according to different models and sizes.
五、打磨(polish),待成型毛胚后的木桶。打磨又分为三部份:打磨内圆—合底—打磨外圆。
5、 Polish to form the barrel behind the Trichoderm. Grinding is divided into three parts: grinding the inner circle - closing the bottom - grinding the outer circle.
六、箍桶(Hoop bucket),桶箍现在市场一般选用的是镀锌的钢皮与不锈钢皮,材料的厚度在3mm。
6、 Hoop hoop is generally made of galvanized steel and stainless steel with a thickness of 3mm.
七、防腐,防水处理,精打磨。把整个桶全部浸泡防腐液中,必须达到防腐液完全浸入木质中。根据这样处理来看,用上二十多年也不会出现腐烂现象。待木桶面上的防腐液完全干透了。进行人工手砂磨,手感要达到细腻均匀。
7、 Anticorrosion, waterproof treatment, fine grinding. Immerse the whole barrel in antiseptic solution, which must be completely immersed in wood. According to this treatment, it will not rot after more than 20 years. Wait until the antiseptic solution on the surface of the barrel is completely dry. The hand sanding should be smooth and even.
八、油漆(paint),油漆也是质量重要的一关,喷涂制作,漆膜厚实,环保健康,耐水耐高温、耐酸碱性极佳。油漆必须要达到国家检验标准。
8、 Paint, paint is also an important quality, spray production, thick film, environmental protection and health, water resistance, high temperature, acid and alkali resistance is excellent. The paint must meet the national inspection standards.
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